a diabetes drug (thiazolidinedione-type, also called
"glitazones") used along with a proper diet and exercise program
to control high blood sugar in patients with type 2 diabetes. It
works by helping to restore your bodys proper response to insulin, thereby
lowering your blood sugar.
high blood sugar helps prevent kidney damage, blindness,
nerve problems, loss of limbs, and sexual function problems. Proper control
of diabetes may also lessen your risk of a heart attack or stroke.
is used either alone or in combination with other diabetes medications (such
as metformin or a sulfonylurea such as glyburide).
throat, muscle pain, weight gain, or tooth problems may
occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, notify your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has
judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many
people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including:
new/worsening vision problems (such as blurred vision), bone
fracture, reddish-colored urine, urgent need to urinate, pain while urinating.
rarely cause liver disease. Tell your doctor right away if you develop
symptoms of liver disease, including: dark urine, yellowing
of eyes/skin, persistent nausea/vomiting, stomach/abdominal pain.
does not usually cause low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Low blood
sugar may occur if this drug is prescribed with other diabetes medications (such
as insulin or a sulfonylurea). Low blood sugar is more
likely if you drink large amounts of alcohol, do unusually heavy exercise,
or do not consume enough calories from food. To help prevent low blood
sugar, eat meals on a regular schedule, and do not skip meals. Check with your
doctor or pharmacist to find out what you should do if you miss a meal.
of low blood sugar include sudden sweating, shaking, fast
heartbeat, hunger, blurred vision, dizziness, or tingling
hands/feet. It is a good habit to carry glucose tablets or gel to
treat low blood sugar. If you dont have these reliable forms of
glucose, rapidly raise your blood sugar by eating a quick source of sugar such
as table sugar, honey, or candy, or drink fruit juice or non-diet soda. Tell
your doctor right away about the reaction and the use of this product.
of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) include thirst, increased urination,
confusion, drowsiness, flushing, rapid breathing, or fruity breath odor. If these
symptoms occur, tell your doctor right away. Your dosage may need to be
very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get
medical help right away if you notice any of the following symptoms of a
serious allergic reaction: rash, itching/swelling (especially of
the face/tongue/throat), dizziness, trouble breathing.
is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects
not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
taking pioglitazone, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are
allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may
contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other
problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical
history, especially of: heart disease (such as congestive heart
failure, chest pain), liver disease, fluid in your lungs,
swelling (edema), anemia, a certain eye problem (macular
edema), bladder cancer.
may experience blurred vision, dizziness, or drowsiness due to
extremely low or high blood sugar. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any
activity that requires alertness or clear vision until you are sure
you can perform such activities safely.
alcohol while taking this medication because it can increase the risk of
developing low blood sugar.
may be harder to control your blood sugar when your body is stressed
(such as due to fever, infection, injury, or surgery). Consult your doctor
because increased stress may require a change in your treatment plan, medications,
or blood sugar testing.
having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products
you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal
may increase the risk of bone fracture in women (usually in the upper arm,
hand, or foot). See also Notes section.
can cause changes in the menstrual cycle (promote ovulation) and
increase the risk of becoming pregnant. Consult your doctor or pharmacist
about the use of reliable birth control while using this medication.
medication should be used only when clearly needed during pregnancy.
Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor. Your doctor may
substitute insulin for this drug during your pregnancy. Follow all
is not known whether this drug passes into breast milk. Consult your
doctor before breast-feeding.