This medication is
used to treat kidney or bladder (urinary tract)
infections. Ciprofloxacin belongs to a class of drugs called
quinolone antibiotics. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria.
antibiotic treats only bacterial infections. It will not work for virus
infections (such as common cold, flu). Using any antibiotic when it
is not needed can cause it to not work for future infections.
Nausea, diarrhea, dizziness, lightheadedness, headache,
or trouble sleeping may occur. If any of these effects persist or
worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has
judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many
people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: unusual
bruising/bleeding, signs of a new infection (such as new/persistent fever,
persistent sore throat), signs of kidney problems (such as
change in the amount of urine, red/pink urine), signs of liver problems (such
as unusual tiredness, stomach/abdominal pain, persistent nausea/vomiting,
yellowing eyes/skin, dark urine).
medical help right away if you have any very serious side effects, including:
severe dizziness, fainting, fast/irregular heartbeat, signs of a
tear/break in the main blood vessel called the aorta (sudden/severe
pain in the stomach/chest/back, cough, shortness of breath).
medication may rarely cause a severe intestinal condition (Clostridium
difficile-associated diarrhea) due to a type of resistant bacteria. This
condition may occur during treatment or weeks to months after treatment has
stopped. Tell your doctor right away if you develop: persistent diarrhea,
abdominal or stomach pain/cramping, blood/mucus in your stool.
not use anti-diarrhea or opioid medications if you have any of
these symptoms because these products may make them worse.
of this medication for prolonged or repeated periods may result in oral thrush or
a new yeast infection. Contact your doctor if you notice white patches in
your mouth, a change in vaginal discharge, or other new symptoms.
very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get
medical help right away if you notice any of the following symptoms of a
serious allergic reaction: rash, itching/swelling (especially of
the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects
not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
taking ciprofloxacin, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are
allergic to it; or to other quinolone antibiotics such as norfloxacin, gemifloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin,
or ofloxacin; or if you have any other allergies. This product may
contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other
problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical
history, especially of: diabetes, heart problems (such as
recent heart attack), joint/tendon problems (such as tendonitis, bursitis), kidney
disease, liver disease, mental/mood disorders (such as depression), myasthenia
gravis, nerve problems (such as peripheral neuropathy), seizures,
conditions that increase your risk of seizures (such as brain/head injury, brain
tumors, cerebral atherosclerosis), blood vessel problems (such
as aneurysm or blockage of the aorta or other blood
vessels, hardening of the arteries), high blood pressure, certain
genetic conditions (Marfan syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome).
may cause a condition that affects the heart rhythm (QT
prolongation). QT prolongation can rarely cause serious (rarely fatal)
fast/irregular heartbeat and other symptoms (such as severe dizziness, fainting)
that need medical attention right away.
risk of QT prolongation may be increased if you have certain medical conditions
or are taking other drugs that may cause QT prolongation. Before using
ciprofloxacin, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the drugs you take and if
you have any of the following conditions: certain heart problems (heart failure,
slow heartbeat, QT prolongation in the EKG), family history of
certain heart problems (QT prolongation in the EKG, sudden cardiac death).
levels of potassium or magnesium in the blood may also
increase your risk of QT prolongation. This risk may increase if you use
certain drugs (such as diuretics/"water pills") or if you have
conditions such as severe sweating, diarrhea, or vomiting. Talk
to your doctor about using ciprofloxacin safely.
medication may rarely cause serious changes in blood sugar, especially if
you have diabetes. Check your blood sugar regularly as directed
and share the results with your doctor. Watch for symptoms of high blood
sugar such as increased thirst/urination. Ciprofloxacin may increase the
blood-sugar-lowering effects of the medication glyburide. Also watch
for symptoms of low blood sugar such as sudden sweating,
shaking, fast heartbeat, hunger, blurred vision, dizziness, or
tingling hands/feet. It is a good habit to carry glucose tablets or
gel to treat low blood sugar. If you dont have these reliable forms of
glucose, rapidly raise your blood sugar by eating a quick source of sugar such
as table sugar, honey, or candy, or by drinking fruit juice or non- diet soda.
Tell your doctor right away about the reaction and the use of this product. To
help prevent low blood sugar, eat meals on a regular schedule, and do not
skip meals. Your doctor may need to switch you to another antibiotic or adjust
your diabetes medications if any reaction occurs.
drug may make you dizzy. Alcohol or marijuana (cannabis) can make you
more dizzy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that needs alertness
until you can do it safely. Limit alcoholic beverages. Talk to your
doctor if you are using marijuana (cannabis).
medication may make you more sensitive to the sun. Limit your time in the sun.
Avoid tanning booths and sunlamps. Use sunscreen and wear protective
clothing when outdoors. Tell your doctor right away if you get sunburned or
have skin blisters/redness.
may cause live bacterial vaccines (such as typhoid vaccine)
to not work as well. Do not have any immunizations/vaccinations while
using this medication unless your doctor tells you to.
having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products
you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal
may be more sensitive to the side effects of this drug, especially joint/tendon
adults may be at greater risk for tendon problems (especially if they are also
taking corticosteroids such as prednisone or hydrocortisone), QT
prolongation, and a sudden tear/break in the main blood vessel (aorta).
this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and
benefits with your doctor.
medication passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before