This medication is used to make the urine less acidic. Urine that is less acidic helps the kidneys get rid of uric acid helping to prevent gout and certain types of kidney stones (urate). This medication can also prevent and treat certain metabolic problems (acidosis) caused by kidney disease.
Citric acid and citrate salts (which contain potassium and sodium) belong to a class of drugs known as urinary alkalinizers. Because some conditions require you to limit your intake of potassium and sodium your doctors choice of product may depend on how much potassium and sodium you can take.
Nausea vomiting diarrhea and stomach pain may occur. Mixing the medication with water or juice taking it after meals and drinking more fluids will help prevent these side effects. If any of these effects persist or worsen tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.