Aspirin is used to reduce fever and relieve mild to moderate pain from conditions such as muscle aches toothaches common cold and headaches. It may also be used to reduce pain and swelling in conditions such as arthritis. Aspirin is known as a salicylate and a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). It works by blocking a certain natural substance in your body to reduce pain and swelling. Consult your doctor before treating a child younger than 12 years.
Your doctor may direct you to take a low dose of aspirin to prevent blood clots. This effect reduces the risk of stroke and heart attack. If you have recently had surgery on clogged arteries (such as bypass surgery carotid endarterectomy coronary stent) your doctor may direct you to use aspirin in low doses as a "blood thinner" to prevent blood clots.
Upset stomach and heartburn may occur. If either of these effects persist or worsen tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
If your doctor has directed you to use this medication remember that he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects including: easy bruising/bleeding difficulty hearing ringing in the ears signs of kidney problems (such as change in the amount of urine) persistent or severe nausea/vomiting unexplained tiredness dizziness dark urine yellowing eyes/skin.
This drug may rarely cause serious bleeding from the stomach/intestine or other areas of the body. If you notice any of the following very serious side effects get medical help right away: black/tarry stools persistent or severe stomach/abdominal pain vomit that looks like coffee grounds slurred speech weakness on one side of the body sudden vision changes or severe headache.
A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction including: rash itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat) severe dizziness trouble breathing.
This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above contact your doctor or pharmacist.
Before taking aspirin tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to other salicylates (such as choline salicylate); or to other pain relievers or fever reducers (NSAIDs such as ibuprofen naproxen); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
This medication should not be used if you have certain medical conditions. Before using this medicine consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have: bleeding/blood-clotting disorders (such as hemophilia vitamin K deficiency low platelet count).
If you have any of the following health problems consult your doctor or pharmacist before using this medication: kidney disease liver disease diabetes stomach problems (such as ulcers heartburn stomach pain) aspirin-sensitive asthma (a history of worsening breathing with runny/stuffy nose after taking aspirin or other NSAIDs) growths in the nose (nasal polyps) gout certain enzyme deficiencies (pyruvate kinase or G6PD deficiency).
This medicine may cause stomach bleeding. Daily use of alcohol and tobacco especially when combined with this product may increase your risk for this side effect. Limit alcoholic beverages and stop smoking. Check with your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
Before having surgery tell your doctor or dentist that you are taking this medication.
Children and teenagers less than 18 years old should not take aspirin if they have chickenpox flu or any undiagnosed illness or if they have recently received a vaccine. In these cases taking aspirin increases the risk of Reyes syndrome a rare but serious illness. Tell your doctor promptly if you see changes in behavior with nausea and vomiting. This may be an early sign of Reyes syndrome.
Older adults may be more sensitive to the side effects of this drug especially stomach/intestinal bleeding and ulcers.
Aspirin is not recommended for use to treat pain or fever during pregnancy. It may harm an unborn baby or cause problems during delivery. Consult your doctor before using this medication if you are or think you may be pregnant. In some cases low-dose aspirin (40-150 milligrams a day) may be used safely during pregnancy to prevent certain conditions. Talk to your doctor for more details.
Aspirin passes into breast milk. When used in large amounts (such as to treat pain or fever) it may harm a nursing infant and breast-feeding while using this drug is not recommended. However low-dose aspirin for heart attack or stroke prevention may be used if directed by your doctor. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.